Chinese President Xi Jinping and 29 other heads of state yesterday reaffirmed their commitment to build an open economy and ensure free and inclusive trade under the ambitious Belt and Road initiative led by Beijing.
For his part, Gentiloni said the just-concluded Belt and Road forum had sent a positive signal to the world economy and global trade. Since jettisoning the Trans-Pacific Partnership - the Obama administration's trade treaty meant to insinuate the USA at the center of Asian trade - the Trump administration has offered no answer to One Belt, One Road.
Xi tried to dispel such suspicions, saying, "We have no intention to interfere in other countries' internal affairs, export our own social system and model of development or impose our will on others".
GREENE: So this was a big, splashy event that China was really excited about.
China is still keen to see India participate in its multi-billion dollar connectivity program.
In the closing communique, it also hinted at its ambition to take on a global leadership role at a time when protectionist forces were gathering steam in other regions.
China welcomes Italy to participate in the construction of the Belt and Road, and supports cooperation between the two countries in port management, shipping as well as ship building, he said.
Long-running diplomatic disputes did manage to muscle in on the narrative of inclusion for all, however.
So far, he said, Beijing has helped with feasibility studies for major projects.
One of the surprise attendees of the summit was a delegate from North Korea, who turned up despite the complaint sent by the United States to China over Pyongyang's attendance before the summit began.
US President's Trump's plan to focus on domestic issues and withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a proposed regional trade pact, has left Asian governments that want to use ties with Washington to offset China's growing dominance off balance.
In his opening speech, Xi described the Silk Road that connected Europe and Asia some two millennia ago, and conjured up images of camel caravans carrying goods and ideas among ancient empires.
"We need the interference of China - we need justice, we need peace". China has already made its position clear on the Kashmir issue over which the Indian side is concerned, she said. They can interfere in many problems.
The strengthened cooperation between China and the EIB to support the Belt and Road Initiative will enable increased dialogue and examination of individual infrastructure projects located in Asia, Europe and Africa and covered by the initiative. I think our position has also been clear and we are always waiting. "However, the absence of New Delhi in the B&R has not affected the forum in Beijing, and it will exert even less effect on the progress the initiative will make in the world", it said.