Then, 46% of the people surveyed named climate change as one of their top two concerns, ahead of global economic instability (42%) and ISIS (41%). It was the second greatest security concern in a series of more developed countries, bringing it to within a single percentage point of Isis overall as a "major threat to our country". Only 39 percent said Syrian refugees were a major threat, and 35 percent identified US power and influence as a major threat.
Among those who do consider climate change a major security threat, the U.S.is also uniquely polarized.
Islamic State and climate change are the top two security concerns for people around the world but the perception of threat is sharply divided by geography and politics, research has found. About three-in-ten around the globe name China or Russian Federation as a major threat. Cybersecurity also comes in second in Germany and the United Kingdom, which were also recent victims of high-profile attacks. In Europe and Asia climate change is widely viewed as the second most pressing global threat.
"America's influence is a top concern in Turkey", a report on the Pew Center's website said.
Concerns about US power as a threat are comparable to worries over Chinese and Russian power in much of the world. The influx of refugees, which was of particular concern in Europe in 2016, is seen as a major threat by a median of 39% across the 38 countries. Women are also considerably more likely to view the U.S.as a major concern in Canada (16 points), Japan (11 points), the United Kingdom (11 points) and France (10 points). Just 56 percent of Americans surveyed identified global warming as the most serious threat to the country. In the Middle East, people were focused on ISIS, unsurprisingly, but also about the state of the global economy and the reach and influence of the U.S.
Latin Americans were most concerned about climate change - six out of seven countries named it as the top threat - but the global economy also ranked high. It is the top threat in only one country, however: Hungary. Concern about US power is up 10 points in Canada, Germany and Sweden, and 8 points in France and the Netherlands.
The next three most common responses involved wariness about the power and influence of three of the world's leading powers: the U.S., Russian Federation and China, in that order.
The survey of almost 42,000 respondents in 38 countries took place between February 16 and May 8.