An worldwide group of scientists the study have discovered the missing 50 percent of the visible matter in the Universe. Baryonic matter - part of what we contemplate "normal matter" in the universe -constitutes everything we are accustomed with, the stars, planets, the chair you are sitting on, the device you are using to read this, and you.
The latter, led by astrophysicist Dr Hideki Tanimura, found the gas links to be three times denser than the average for normal matter in the universe.
Two separate teams of researchers have found half of the universe's hidden matter, partially solving a mystery that has long troubled astronomers.
However, the result doesn't account for all the visible matter that should be there, and about 90 percent of it seems to be missing. Both teams concluded that the universe's previously astray ordinary matter can be located in the filaments of hot dispersed gas between galaxies.
Many types of research regarding the dark energy and the dark matter of the Universe has been going on, and it is not possible to observe and calculate everything about the far stretched Universe at one go or within a time limit. But the two teams have finally cleared the theories and spotted the filaments with proving that the previous universe simulations created by scientists are correct. As this light moves through hot gas, some of it scatters, leaving a patch in the CMB. They then took data from the Planck satellite, which maps the cosmic microwave background (CMB)-the afterglow from the Big Bang. And scientists have successfully identified missing baryons among extremely hot gas filaments.
The teams looked at galaxies mapped in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey predicted to be connected by baryons.
'We expect some differences because we are looking at filaments at different distances, ' Dr Tanimura told New Scientist. To study with a simulated structure, goes exactly in a way of the dark matter. "If this factor is included, our findings are very consistent with the other group". The two papers are both being considered for publication in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. "This goes a long way toward showing that many of our ideas of how galaxies form and how structures form over the history of the universe are pretty much correct", said Ralph Kraft, a professor at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in MA. "Everybody sort of knows that [the missing matter] has to be there, but this is the first time that somebody-two different groups, no less-has come up with a definitive detection", he said.