Four students from Hamilton's McMaster University just won $50,000 in an worldwide competition featuring inventions by students from across the world. Dyson said he chose the Canadian students as the prize winners because their invention has the "potential to save lives around the world".
They say the non-invasive device can diagnose melanoma by monitoring the heat emissions of various cells. In addition to the honor of winning the James Dyson award, the sKan team will receive $40,000, which it plans to use to refine the device's design to meet US Food and Drug Administration standards. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer worldwide, accounting for roughly 1 in 3 cancer diagnoses, and it results in tens of thousands of deaths each year. sKan won this year's global James Dyson award, bringing with it new funding and attention that could help save countless lives.
With 37 people diagnosed with melanoma every day in the United Kingdom, and an estimated 2,500 lives lost to the skin cancer in the United Kingdom every year, a cheap, non-invasive diagnosis tool has the scope to make a real difference in how the disease is discovered and dealt with. However, early detection of the cancer is usually reliant on a visual inspection by a physician, which is often inaccurate, while more advanced methods such as high resolution thermal imaging cameras can cost over £20,000.
By contrast, the Skan device is anticipated to cost about $1,000 (about £760, AU$1,300). Using an array of thermistors - known as a transducer - the device is able to convert heat differences into electronic signals, and create a heat map of a person's skin after being cooled.
The handheld device is made from widely available and low-cost components and could make detection of the disease more accessible. High resolution thermal imaging cameras for that goal can cost tens of thousands of dollars, but the sKan is expected to cost less than AU$1,000 (about US$770).
"We are truly humbled and excited to be given this remarkable opportunity", they said. Atropos is a 6-axis 3D printing robotic arm that uses continuous fiber composites material, to produce high-performance objects.
However, the Twistlight can be used single handed so the other hand can be used to undo the vein strap, tension the skin and fix the catheter in place when pulling out the steel stylet. Despite being the most common medical procedure, 33 percent of first vein puncture attempts fail.