Rukhma, meanwhile, was ready for the next stage of her life. Later, the court delivered the justice in favour of Raut's husband. She was married at the young age of eleven to Dadaji Bhikaji Raut who was eight years her senior.
Due to society pressure, Rukhmabai had to get married to 19-year-old Dadaji Bhikaji at the age of 11. Rukhmabai, however, contested that she did not consider their marriage legitimate, and continued to live with her stepfather while simultaneously furthering her education - arguing that the marriage had taken place when she was not in the age or position to consent to it. Many found this very unusual, and this is reported to have created a huge scandal at the time. He even pressed legal charges against Raut and her stepfather in 1884.
The case came up for retrial in 1886 and this time the court ruled in favor of Dadji Bhikaji.
- The oppressive verdict was subsequently overruled by Queen Victoria, which served as a catalyst for the government to usher in the Age of Consent Act, 1891, despite rigid opposition from conservative families in India. However, she never lived with her husband. She wrote many influential letters by the pen name "A Hindu Lady". Her award-winning work in organic chemistry affects the way plants are used in medicine till today, and was duly represented in the doodle with a minimalist design of plants and hydrocarbon chains. Backed by the British director of Bombay's Cama Hospital, suffrage activists, and other supporters, Raut set off in 1889 for the the London School of Medicine for Women and obtained her qualifications at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Brussels. "Remembering Rukhmabai, one of the first practicing woman doctors in India", Google India tweeted.
But the societal stigma that surrounded her when she left was still there. Yes, the picture of the lady you saw with a stethoscope when you opened your Google browser today was an inspirational lady from India, Rukhmabai. Rukhmabai decided not to return and with a stubborn thought, made a decision to continue her education, thereby accepting the penalty. She returned to India in 1894 and practised in Surat, Rajkot, and Bombay for the next 35 years.
She did not stop with medicine, choosing to become a social reformer as well, by writing against child marriage and women's seclusion. This judgement stated that Rukhmabai could not be forced to stay married to Dadaji for she was an innocent child when she was married off and had no say in the matter.
"This is why we chose to make a film on Rakhmabai's life", he told BBC Marathi's Anagha Pathak.
Interestingly, Anandi Gopalrao Joshi was the first Indian woman doctor.