The Preston-based artist, who was born in Zanzibar, was awarded the £25,000 prize at a ceremony in Hull, the current UK City of Culture, the BBC reported.
This year the organisers of the the prize, the Tate, lifted the age restriction on the prize, which had previously been set at 50.
The Turner Prize award money is 40,000 pounds ($54,000), with 25,000 pounds going to the victor and 5,000 pounds each for the other short-listed artists.
The jury made a decision to reward her for the "vitality of her work" and "the seriousness of the issues she deals with, which are very relevant today", said Tate Britain museum director and president of the award jury, Alex Farquharson. The 2017 nominees' work is now on view at Ferens Art Gallery in Hull, England, where the victor was announced in a ceremony this evening.
The prize is famous for launching the careers of Damien Hirst and other members of the "Young British Artists" generation. It runs until 7 January 2018.
"I still think that Lubaina winning is still very clearly not about the Turner Prize becoming a lifetime achievement award".
Tuesday night was a historical moment for the world of contemporary art. In 2017 Himid had solo shows at Modern Art Oxford and Spike Island in Bristol and participated in Nottingham Contemporary's The Place is Here survey of 1980s black artists.
Himid has consistently foregrounded the contribution of African diaspora to Western culture. In works such as these, the artist appropriates and interrogates European painters and combines aspects of her African heritage to question the role of visual power.
The works are joined by Anderson's dream-like tropical landscape paintings, Büttner's woodblock prints of beggars and two films by Nashashibi-a commission for the Imperial War Museum observing daily life in Gaza and Vivian's Garden, which explores the relationship between the mother-and-daughter artists in Guatemala, Elisabeth Wild and Vivian Suter. The jury noted Büttner's unique approach to collaboration and her exploration of religion, morality and ethics, articulated through a wide range of media including printmaking, sculpture, video and painting. She is Professor of Contemporary Art at the University of Central Lancashire.