Defeat in Dharamsala meant India can't overtake South Africa in the ICC ODI rankings but a series win is at stake.
However, in the second ODI, led by Rohit Sharma's record double century India posted mammoth 392/4.
Rohit said he was determined to not throw his wicket away after getting in under overcast conditions, which prompted Sri Lanka captain Thisara Perera to bowl first after winning the toss.
India will be eyeing their seventh straight ODI series victory when they take on Sri Lanka in the third and final ODI at the Dr YS Rajasekhara Reddy ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium in Vishakhapatnam on Sunday. It also helps India's cause that they're well aware of the conditions and have faced just one defeat in seven games.
India skipper Rohit Sharma, who is coming into this match on the back of his third ODI double ton, may not have pleasant memories of this ground. It will be hot initially, but will cool down as the day progresses. Mathews is the only key player in this series so far, his wicket is important for India to win the series.
Sri Lanka: Thisara Perera (captain), Upul Tharanga, Angelo Mathews, Suranga Lakmal, Lahiru Thirimanne, Nuwan Pradeep, Niroshan Dickwella (wk), Danushka Gunathilaka, Sachith Pathirana, Akila Dananjaya, Asela Gunaratne, Dhananjaya de Silva, Kusal Perera, Dushmantha Chameera, Chaturanga de Silva, Sadeera Samarawickrama. So in those circumstances, I would rate the knock highly. While India handed a debut cap to offspinner Washington Sundar in Mohali, they could be tempted to pair Kuldeep Yadav once again with Yuzvendra Chahal. Sunil Gavaskar and Russel Arnold feel this is a very good batting pitch. "As I said, it's always a learning curve, we are learning and we are going to get better from here". On a pitch that was quite hard, with a gentle sprinkling of grass to hold it together, batting was expected to be straightforward. The bowlers will get good pace and bounce with the new ball.
Watch highlights from Dharamsala as Sri Lanka ended their 12-game losing streak in ODIs in the series opener against India.
The ACA-VDCA Dr YSR Stadium has hosted two series deciders - one was in October previous year against New Zealand and the other in 2007 against Sri Lanka. India managed to bounce back from their first ODI loss.