The announcement of the case comes ahead of the January 23 start of the next round of trade talks on the North American Free Trade Agreement in Montreal.
In October, for example, the U.S. Department of Commerce slapped an 80 percent anti-dumping duty on Bombardier's delivery of 100- to 150-seat C Series planes in the United States.
Canada appeared to be mounting a case on behalf of the rest of the world, since it cited nearly 200 examples of alleged USA wrongdoing, nearly all of them concerning other trading partners, such as China, India, Brazil and the European Union.
He pointed out that the vast majority of cases Canada is complaining about don't even involve Canadian companies.
"It's (saying), 'The entire way in which the us - you - are conducting your anti-dumping, countervailing procedures, is wrong,"' said Chad Bown, a trade expert at Washington's Peterson Institute.
Canada wants the World Trade Organization to examine the use of duties in the United States, alleging they violate global law.
The filing also complained about USA treatment of export controls as well as the imposition of retroactive tariffs.
He further called Canada's accusations "unfounded" and said that they "could only lower United States confidence" that its neighbor is committed to mutually beneficial trade.
But by listing almost all trade enforcement actions by the Trump administration, the Canadian complaint also supports dozens of countries affected by the recent imposition of both preliminary and permanent USA duties. "We lose the lawsuits, nearly all of the lawsuits in the WTO". But he questioned the strategic logic of antagonizing the Trump administration in the midst of NAFTA talks.
He said it could be another step toward what he says is a nightmare scenario for the NAFTA talks, which is that the Americans call a halt to those negotiations and talk separately with Mexico in hopes of signing a bilateral deal before the Mexican elections later this year and USA midterm Congressional elections this fall. The Canadian government is preparing for the possibility that Trump will withdraw from NAFTA, senior officials say, though they aren't entirely convinced that he will.
"In a normal situation you wouldn't expect this to impact the long-term trading relationship that we've got under NAFTA", he said. One of the United States' demands in the NAFTA renegotiation is chapter 19's elimination.
He said that during the current NAFTA negotiations, which enter the sixth round in Canada later this month, the United States has made it clear that it wants to remove a dispute-resolution mechanism for anti-dumping and countervailing cases under Chapter 19 of the 24-year-old trilateral trade agreement. Such notice would not automatically mean a withdrawal: It would only give the United States the option to pull out after the six-month period elapses.