The outstanding performance of Chinese universities in the ranking represents the successful outcome of China's increased input of capital and other resources into education over the past two decades, according to Phil Baty, editorial director of THE Global Rankings.
Asia University Rankings 2018, the University of Malaya (UM) has climbed up to the 46th position this year - after making its debut at number 59 last year. While India's number improved significantly from past year, several prestigious institutions recorded a decline.
The institutes that made it to the list include Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi.
The Indian Institute of Technology-Madras saw the biggest decline in the top 200 - dropping 41 places to 103rd - due to the same reason, said THE.
Despite this slump, Indian universities recorded a higher average score this year with an overall improvement in citation performance. It also picked up points in other areas such as research productivity, even though it lagged behind on research environment. Its only area of decline was teaching reputation.
The full list of Asia's top universities for 2018 can be seenhere.
The next Pakistani varsity on the list is the Comsats Institute of Information Technology, which jumped up to 125th place from the 141-150 band it was in in the last ranking.
India remains South Asia's leading higher education country, with 42 representatives. Baty said research must be made the first preference if Pakistan desired its educational institutions to perform better among Asian institutions. China now has an impressive 63 places in the rankings, with Tsinghua University now the top-ranked university in the country over Peking University.
Performance indicators are grouped into five areas: teaching (learning environment); research (volume, income and reputation); citations (research influence); global outlook (staff, students and research) and industry income (knowledge transfer). Leaving all the universities behind, the National University of Singapore maintained its winning streak third time in the row (since 2016) and came out as a clear victor.