The report says, globally, in low-income countries, the average newborn mortality rate was 27 deaths per 1,000 births, while in high-income countries, that rate is 3 deaths per 1,000. The fatal risk of dying as a newborn is "enormously dependent" on where the baby is born.
Within the country as well, disparities are highly significant.
While the infant mortality rate is slowly declining, population growth means that the number of deaths is still increasing in West and Central Africa, Prual said.
The report also noted that eight of the ten most unsafe places to be born are in sub-Saharan Africa, where pregnant women are much less likely to receive assistance during delivery due to poverty, conflict, and weak institutions.
Babies born in Japan (neonatal mortality rate of 0.9), on the other hand, have the best shot at survival, followed by Iceland and Singapore and Estonia, the report found.
She said: "Babies in the best places to be born around the world are up to 50 times less likely to die in the first month of life".
The statement also quoted the Executive Director of UNICEF, Henrietta Fore, as saying "we have more than halved the number of deaths among children under the age of five in the last quarter century".
India has been ranked 12 among 52 countries of low-middle income when it comes to newborn mortality.
The United Nations Children's Fund has warned that global deaths of newborn babies remain alarmingly high, particularly in the world's poorest countries.
The neonatal mortality rate, or NMR, is defined as the probability of dying during the first 28 days of life, expressed per 1,000 live births.
"When we talk in the cold language of statistics - of rates, averages, percentages, indicators - it is easy to forget that we are talking about the lives and deaths of real babies - babies who deserve to survive, to grow up healthy and contribute to their societies", the authors of the report wrote. The campaign seeks to build a consensus for the principle that "every mother and every baby deserves affordable, quality care".
"India, with almost 600,000 newborn deaths each year, accounts for a quarter of the global burden of neonatal deaths", said Unicef in its global report on neonatal mortality "Every Child Alive" released on Tuesday.
Some 80 per cent of these newborn deaths are preventable - owed to complications during delivery, prematurity, or infections such as sepsis, pneumonia or meningitis.
"These should be along with proven solutions like clean water, disinfectants, breastfeeding within the first hour, skin-to-skin contact, proper cord care, and good nutrition".
"Our health facilities should be well-equipped and they should also have skilled providers including doctors, nurses, and midwives always available, " he said.