A number of states, including MS, have already tiptoed up to the viability line with 20-week bans, although the U.S. Senate earlier this year rejected such a ban nationwide when supporters couldn't reach a 60-vote supermajority to act. She says the bill brings ms women "one risky step closer to losing their constitutional right to access abortion". The advocacy group The Center for Reproductive Rights is challenging the requirement in court.
On Wednesday, Jennifer Riley Collins, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of MS, released a statement expressing disappointment in the Senate's passing of the bill, stating that bill's signing will lead to an expensive legal battle.
"It's not about judging the women who come here", she said, "because that's the opposite of what we really want to do".
The Mississippi House approved the bill 75-34 Thursday.
MS lawmakers on Thursday passed what is likely to be the nation's most restrictive abortion law, making the procedure illegal after 15 weeks of pregnancy.
The bill's language says the United States is "one of only seven nations in the world that permits non-therapeutic or elective abortion on demand after the 20th week of gestation".
"The ban is not only unconstitutional - it endangers women's health care across our state", said Felicia Brown-Williams, Mississippi state director for Planned Parenthood Southeast Advocates, in a statement.
Gov. Phil Bryant (R-Miss.) voiced his support for the measure.
The state's only abortion clinic, Jackson Women's Health Organization, has threatened to file a lawsuit over the bill.
Pregnancies as a result of incest or rape are not exempt.
Physicians who perform abortions after 15 weeks could be subject to having their medical license revoked and a $500 fine.
"I have repeatedly said, I want MS to be the safest place in America for an unborn child", Governor Bryant tweeted on Tuesday.
The unsanitary and unsafe conditions of Gosnell's abortion facility, revealed during the trial, which received much media coverage, led to a renewed urgency in many state legislatures to regulate abortion facilities.
MS lawmakers have passed what is likely to be the nation's most restrictive abortion law. The measure, which was passed by the House by a 79-31 vote last month, would prohibit abortions after 15 weeks except in cases of fatal fetal abnormalities or when the life or health of the mother is at risk.
Republicans have been pushing for the bill for some time now. The bill goes beyond that, arguing that a fetus is able to survive at 15 weeks.
MS now prohibits abortion after 20 weeks. Arizona, North Dakota and Arkansas introduced bills that prevent women from getting abortions after similar early-term limit cutoffs that were struck down in lower courts. But states continue to try to restrict abortion before viability. One of the most recent is MS, where lawmakers are on the brink of approving a measure that would ban most abortions after 15 weeks.
The Senate passed the bill in a 35 to 14 vote after a heated floor debate, and it was sent back to the House. Legal experts say its passage is an invitation to the Supreme Court to revisit its previous rulings.
Abortion rights group NARAL Pro-Choice America issued a statement Tuesday criticizing the MS bill. But backers of the bill say they're hopeful the court will clarify its stance and allow states to begin restricting abortion earlier in pregnancy.