Today marks the 180th birthday of Sir Willian Henry Perkin and apart from mauveine, he is also known for aniline dye and Perkin triangle.
Perkin's timing was remarkable as the textile industry was at a high. Born in England on March 12, 1838, Perkin was 18 when he quite accidentally discovered the mauveine while cleaning a dark much from a beaker after a failed experiment. Perkin's discovery made the colour easily available to the masses.
Hence the people wearing purple in the Google Doodle, a color too expensive for most people to wear, he made accessible to nearly all.
The chemist was honored Monday with a Google Doodle on the homepage of the search engine. The letters of the word "Google" trail through the crowd nearly like a ribbon.
The reach of today's Doodle is limited to the United States, west coast of South America, the UK and a few other European countries, India, Japan and Indonesia.
Google honoured British chemist Sir William Henry Perkin with a doodle on what would have been his 180th birthday.
Soon after that, more aniline dyes were discovered - some by Perkin himself - and factories sprung up all over Europe.
Wealthy and successful from his stint in manufacturing, Perkin eventually returned to laboratory research. It was there that Perkin started trying to synthesise quinine which was used for the treatment of malaria.
According to the Google, after the discovery, "he focused on the patenting, manufacturing, and commercialization of this purple dye, which he named "mauveine".
Queen Victoria herself wore a mauveine-dyed gown to the Royal Exhibition of 1862, making Perkin's invention a huge hit.
A school founded in Perkin's name can be found in Greenford, Middlesex and the uniform is mauve in tribute to his eye-popping finding.