Even after adjusting for factors including occupational noise exposure, researchers noted a 1.2 to 1.6 increased risk of hearing loss among current smokers compared with never smokers. They suggested fitting fire alarms and getting fire resistant mattresses.Speaking at the event, Breathe, a council-backed organisation, called on people to quit smoking.Simon Lambert, a firefighter at the station, has attended several fires caused by smoking.
"The harms of e-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults are serious", he said.
While nicotine is highly addictive, it does not cause smoking-related diseases such as cancer.
Samir Soneji, an associate professor of health policy at Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine and the paper's lead author, said that advertising e-cigarettes as a means to quit or reduce smoking has done damage, mostly to young people. Japanese researchers conducted a study on a panel of more than 50,000 participants. Currently, Soneji said, the risk of initiating cigarette smoking is three times as high for adolescents who vape than for those who do not.
It says nicotine replacement therapies are safe, licenced for use in pregnancy, and for people with cardiovascular disease, plus there is now global consensus that electronic cigarettes are far less harmful than smoking.
The association was stronger between smoking and high-frequency hearing loss than that of low-frequency hearing loss, and the risk of both types increased with the numbers of cigarettes smoked.
'On the other hand, e-cigarettes may facilitate cigarette smoking initiation and confer substantial harm to adolescents and young adults once they are introduced to nicotine'.
"E-cigarettes could indeed provide more population benefit if they were more effective as a cessation tool", Soneji said.
The government has made some effort to dissuade young adopters, with a new requirement for product warnings set to take effect this summer.
Smoking led to an increased risk of hearing loss that ranged from 20% to 60%.
E-cigarettes are not an FDA-recommended quitting method, but they were found to be used more often than approved methods including the nicotine patch and nicotine gum. "And when it comes to health benefits, I'm now 100% on all of them, bar lung cancer but I'm 67% of the way to being the same as a non-smoker when it comes to the risk of developing lung cancer".