Russian Federation have qualified for the 2019 Rugby World Cup after Romania - who had initially secured the slot - Spain and Belgium were docked points for repeatedly using ineligible players during the qualifying competition, World Rugby said on Tuesday.
World Rugby had originally meant to make Spain and Belgium replay that match - which was refereed by Romanian Vlad Iordachescu - but following counter-claims of eligibility infractions, commissioned an independent disputes committee to look into the matter.
Russian Federation therefore join Ireland, Scotland and hosts Japan in Pool A, while Germany meet Portugal in a play-off.
A final team will be added following a play-off, with the winners of Germany and Portugal facing Samoa later this summer.
Romania have been disqualified from the 2019 Rugby World Cup after fielding ineligible players in qualifying.
They are scheduled to play Japan in the tournament's opening match on September 20 next year at the Tokyo Stadium.
An investigation was launched in March after Romania qualified for the quadrennial event by virtue of a controversial victory for Belgium over Spain.
But the panel ruled that all three countries broke eligibility rules and have been deducted points.
"World Rugby Regulation 8 stipulates mandatory financial penalties for breaches of 25,000 pounds per ineligible player for a union not represented on the World Rugby Council and 100,000 pounds for a union represented on Council", the press release said.
This will be the first World Cup Romania misses. The loser of that clash will go into the final repechage competition for the chance to qualify for the World Cup.
World Rugby said the rescheduled playoff dates will enable the least-possible disruption for Samoa's European and Southern Hemisphere based players, following initial fears the qualifying matches could be played as late as August.
"The committee's decision and findings clearly demonstrate issues with the processes adopted by some of the participating unions relating to the eligibility of players as well as the delivery and organisation of the Rugby Europe Championship".
Spain lost 40 points after Mathieu Belie and Bastien Fuster played eight qualifying matches illegally after previously representing France Under-20s.
"Having considered all the evidence, including submissions from World Rugby, Rugby Europe, Spain and Belgium, the independent committee refused the request made by World Rugby and Spain to set aside the result of the match and determined that the match should not be replayed", the committee said in a statement.
"The principle that "the referee's position as sole judge of fact and law during the match is unassailable" is a core principle of rugby, as is the very limited jurisdiction of a Disciplinary Committee to overturn the decisions of referees made on the pitch after the game", a World Rugby statement read.