The analysis found that slightly more than half the people who had died by suicide did not have any known mental-health condition. Those trends apply to almost every segment of the USA population: Suicide rates have increased in 44 states, among all racial and ethnic groups and in every age range except adults older than 75.
Suicide by stateThe study also broke down the data by state and found suicide rates varied widely.
He points out, for example, that the nation now has no federally funded suicide prevention program for adults.
"Suicide can happen to anybody", Schuchat said, stressing that it's important to reach out when family and loves ones are dealing with life stresses like losing a job, ending a romantic relationship, or struggling with money.
This is part of its larger call on entire communities - beginning at the family level and expanding all the way up to society as a whole - to come together to watch out for suicidal behavior and make help more accessible. "We don't think we can just leave this to the mental health system to manage".
In addition to the skyrocketing number of suicides in middle-aged adults, deaths by suicide are also on the rise in teens, with suicide now the second leading cause of death for all USA teens and young adults from ages 10 to 35. Other contributing factors to suicide can include substance use, financial issues and physical health. That continues a trend that began after 2010 when the number of suicides was 606.
"Research for many years and across social and health science fields has demonstrated a strong relationship between economic downturns and an increase in deaths due to suicide", Sarah Burgard, an associate professor of sociology at the University of MI, told the Washington Post.
The 56-year-old says she tried to commit suicide multiple times before getting help.
Vermont also has a high rate of binge drinking, and evidence suggests that people who drink too much are at higher risk of suicide.
Overall, South Carolina sees a higher suicide rate than the rest of the country, according to the United Health Foundation.
Opioid addiction is another factor that could have led to the increase, although experts say it is hard to differentiate intentional deaths by overdose from accidental deaths. People can be isolated in rural areas, or they can find a protective community in small towns. "It's so tragic to see young people without hope and without feeling they have an opportunity to live a fully functional life with treatment", said Alexa James, executive director of the National Alliance of Mental Illness Chicago.
The report also cites the need to reduce "access to lethal means" but without explicitly discussing firearms or controversial issues such as gun control legislation. The gun shops have been receptive, she said.
Rhode Island and CT are among the 10 states with the lowest suicide rates, while ME is in the top quarter.
In Hawaii, rates went up about 18-percent from 1999 to 2016. Rates ranged from 6.9 per 100,000 in the District of Columbia to 29.2 per 100,000 in Montana. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1-800-273-8255) provides 24/7, free, confidential support for people in distress, as well as best practices for professionals and resources to aid in prevention and crisis situations.