This announcement was done by the Indian Research Space Organisation (ISRO) on June 8, 2018.
The scientific team, led by Prof Abhijit Chakraborty of Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, have found a sub-Saturn or super-Neptune size planet (mass of about 27 Earth Mass and size of 6 Earth Radii) around a Sun-like star.
Being that close, you might think that the planets would be unbearably hot but the scientists say that might not be the case. The newfound planet revolves around a Sun-like star which is some 600 light years away from Earth, reported The Times of India.
With this discovery, India is now among the league of countries that have discovered planets around stars. The Kepler satellite also found another star, a red dwarf variety, called K2-240, with two super-Earth-like planets about twice the size of our planet.
The team named the new planet as EPIC 211945201b or K2-236b after its host star. These researchers estimate that all planets discovered will have temperatures superficial tens of degrees higher than those of the planet Earth due to the strong radiation they receive in these close orbits to their stars.
PARAS was integrated with a 1.2m telescope at PRL's Gurushikhar Observatory in Mount Abu, India. Additionally, Kepler has revealed the existence of another 2,245 planets. Isro said very few such spectrographs exist around the world that allows such precise measurements. The PRL scientists observed the target over a time-baseline of 420 days (in about 1.5 years) using the PARAS spectrograph for probing the nature of the system.
Using that data, PRL scientists who've been observing the planet for over a year now, claim that ice, iron and other heavy elements account for 60-70% of the planet's mass.
In the end, also in the news is the discovery of three Earth-sized planets, made by Spanish astronomers. Also, they are extremely far away.
Otherwise, the planets are probably inhospitable: they are very close to their star and therefore very warm.
Though unique in its own way, this "epic" planet is one of 22 other confirmed exoplanet systems with the same dimensions.