Democrats are warning that Trump's nominee would jeopardize some of progressives' most important policy priorities in recent decades - including rulings that legalized abortion and same-sex marriage, as well as former President Barack Obama's health care law.
Some conservatives have expressed concerns about Kavanaugh - a longtime judge and a former clerk for Kennedy - questioning his commitment to social issues like abortion and noting his time serving under President George W. Bush as evidence he is a more establishment choice.
President Donald Trump points before boarding Air Force One at Morristown Municipal Airport, in Morristown, N.J., Sunday, July 8, 2018, en route to Washington from Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, N.J.
McConnell said he will push for a vote on the nomination before the November midterms.
The senators have stayed mum on whether they're planning to support Trump's nominee, saying they'll wait until after he announces to weigh in. With the expected absence of Republican senator John McCain due to brain cancer, Republicans only have 50 votes. Barrett has said she believes life begins at conception.
Trump instead has "gone to two far hard-right groups, the Heritage Foundation and the Federalist Society - asked them, not the Senate, to advise and consent on a Supreme Court nomination", Schumer railed. At the top of that list is abortion.
He is also a robust supporter of the executive power of the presidency.
Kyl, a Republican from Arizona, served in the upper chamber from 1995 through 2013, assuming the role of minority whip from 2007 through his retirement. He works for the Washington-based lobbying firm Covington & Burling.
Since the 2016 campaign, Trump has made his process for picking Supreme Court justices fairly transparent.
The president has spent the days leading up to his announcement discussing the pros and cons of the various options with aides and allies.
The White House invited a number of senators to attend the Monday night announcement, including Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, and committee member Kennedy. Democrats who were invited but declined included Sens.
Democratic Sens. Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota, Doug Jones of Alabama, Joe Manchin of West Virginia and Joe Donnelly of IN were invited for the announcement.
Indeed, the pressure will be on Donnelly and other red state Democrats to perhaps buck their party's wishes and confirm Trump's nominee.
That increases the focus on two Republicans - Sen. Maine's Susan Collins and Alaska's Lisa Murkowski, who support abortion rights, are the Republicans considered most likely oppose a nominee deemed too conservative. Bob Casey (D-Pa.), who opposes abortion, announced on Monday he can not support a process that involved Trump's picking from a list of 25 candidates selected by conservatives and big business. "Any judge on this list is fruit of a corrupt process straight from the D.C. swamp".
The Senate must confirm Trump's nominee, who will be backed campaign-style by the White House and conservative legal organizations.
This is President Trump speaking to reporters Sunday. "Over the coming weeks I will review his judicial record while also ensuring that Judge Kavanaugh will approach each case on its merits and follow the law as it is written".
A ferocious confirmation battle with Democrats is expected as the president seeks to shift the nation's highest court further to the right. "Those rights will be gravely threatened".
"I am concerned that he's making it like a game show", Sen.
Barrett of IN, 46, serves on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit. He also has a compelling personal story: He went to the University of Notre Dame as the first person in his family to go to college. When the court he serves on upheld a New Jersey law requiring a gun owner to obtain a permit to carry a gun in public places and to show that he has "a justifiable need" to carry the gun, Hardiman dissented, chastising the majority for upholding a law that dates to 1966 (and arguably 1924) as insufficiently long-standing.