The four-time champion seized the lead at the start and fought back after losing the initiative during two safety auto periods to register his second win at Silverstone and the 51st of his career.
The second restart saw Bottas do much the same and, with a gap to Vettel, it looked like he could take his first win of the season.
Vettel pitted under the Safety Car whilst Mercedes opted to keep both its cars out, which meant the order at the restart was Bottas, Vettel, Hamilton, followed by Max Verstappen, Raikkonen and Daniel Ricciardo. Hartley emerged from the cockpit unaided and the New Zealander was fortunate to remain unhurt.
"You don't want to be the only one stopping and then find that all the other guys behind you don't stop and you get tangled up in them in a way you hope not to be", explained Allison.
It continues a run of poor performance - at the hands of the team rather than driver.
"I believe that if we would have had 10 degrees less temperature [in qualifying], maybe we would have had a bigger gap and maybe the same [in the race]".
Moments after taking off his helmet, and visibly overcome with the emotion of his pole lap, Hamilton, who finished just four hundredths of a second clear, told the 100,000-strong Silverstone crowd: 'I gave it everything I could. For a driver as long at an F1 wheel as Raikkonen it was the kind of shocking misjudgment that has conspiracy theorists, led by Mercedes, screaming, well, conspiracy.
The race was neutralised again moments later for an accident at Copse between Carlos Sainz Jr and Romain Grosjean, when Sainz attacked on the outside but Grosjean suffered a wobble at the apex.
"I got to the end of the lap, I think I was up 0.17s, and I came around that last corner and it started to diminish a little bit". It left Hamilton facing a recovery drive through the field, which he executed well to return to second position behind championship leader Sebastian Vettel.
That released Vettel into a lead he would hold to the end, while Hamilton forced his way inside Bottas at Brooklands a lap later. What Hamilton needed was a random safety auto.
"And that's why I think he's reflecting about that: 'I love it, but what happens when one day I wake up and don´t love it any more?"
"The fans have been incredible this weekend and I'm grateful for the England football team at least doing great this weekend and keeping it positive", said Hamilton. With the speeds we're going now and the G forces we're pulling, I think it's going to be the most physical race of the year.
And Raikkonen has now been punished and given 10-second penalty for causing a collision. It was my mistake so that was fine. "I deserved it", he said.
"I guess we're not the favourites going in, but still I believe we should have a good auto", he added.