A rare sexually-transmitted infection (STI) could spark a "public health emergency" within 15 years if not taken seriously, the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) has warned. This is reported by foreign media.
There are fears mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is going misdiagnosed as it presents similar symptoms to chlamydia. The disease can be transmitted through unprotected sex, say doctors. The STD has no symptoms and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, leading to infertility. The bacteria can live in the urinary and genital tracts of men and women, which allows it to be passed on sexually. But this treatment approach is a problem, because antibiotics for chlamydia don't work well for M. genitalium, and their use can promote antibiotic resistance. In men, the bacteria can cause inflammation of the urethra (called urethritis) that leads to symptoms such as a burning pain while urinating or discharge from the penis. Experts believe that it could soon become the next superbug. The study and other experts, however, suggest a few concerns that the infection is reportedly developing resistance to this.
"Our guidelines recommend that patients with symptoms are correctly diagnosed using an accurate MG test, treated correctly then followed up to make sure they are cured". However, advanced tests to diagnose the disease are not available in all clinics in United Kingdom, as a result doctors have to send samples to Public Health England's laboratory to get a diagnostic result.
Don't feel bad if you haven't heard of Mycoplasma genitalium - although the organism is well-known to infectious disease specialists, the average doctor likely doesn't remember much about it after learning about it briefly in medical school, said Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious-disease specialist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee.
"This is not curing the infection and is causing antimicrobial resistance in MG patients - if practices do not change and the tests are not used, MG has the potential to become a superbug within a decade, resistant to standard antibiotics". If you have symptoms of an STI, we recommend you get tested at your local sexual health clinic.
"I think clinics should test for MG as part of their sexual health screening process, as this would have been picked up at the start for me".
"Everyone can protect themselves from STIs by consistently and correctly using condoms with new and casual partners".