The revenue raised by those companies helps the North Korean government skirt USA sanctions, which are meant to pressure the country to denuclearize.
The Security Council has remained united in imposing tougher and tougher sanctions on North Korea, but the differences over the experts' report mark a first dent in that unity.
The United States has accused Russian Federation of altering an independent United Nations report to cover up Moscow's alleged violation of UN sanctions on North Korea.
Treasury says that China Silver Star is associated with the Munitions Industry Department of North Korea's ruling party which oversees the nation's ballistic missile programs.
"Treasury is once again warning the IT industry, businesses, and individuals across the globe to take precautions to ensure that they are not unwittingly employing North Korean workers for technology projects", he said, noting that the United States will continue to enforce sanctions until the "final, fully verified denuclearization" of North Korea.
Russian Federation "obtained the removal of the main part of the paragraphs" concerning it, a diplomat said, speaking anonymously. South Korea, a close US ally, said in February that it would procure new patrol aircraft to cope with the emerging threat of North Korean submarine-launched missiles.
The U.S. Treasury Department sanctioned a Chinese tech firm, its Russian sister company and the CEO on Thursday.
"This is a unsafe precedent and a stain on the important work of the panel", Haley said, calling for the initial version of the report - dating from early August - to be published.
The Russian mission to the United Nations and the chair of the independent panel of U.N. sanctions monitors did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The United States on Thursday criticized Russian Federation for interfering with the process of publishing a U.N. report on North Korea sanctions that was due last week.
"Treasury is once again warning the IT industry, businesses, and individuals across the globe to take precautions to ensure that they are not unwittingly employing North Korean workers for technology projects by doing business with companies like the ones designated today", Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin was quoted as saying in the press release.
"The United States will continue to fully enforce and implement sanctions until we have achieved the final, fully verified denuclearization of North Korea", he added.