The Supreme Court in August previous year outlawed the practice that had allowed Muslim men to divorce their wives by simply saying the word "talaq", or "divorce" in Arabic, three times.
"There was an overpowering urgency and a compelling necessity to bring the ordinance as the practice continued unabated despite the SC order previous year", Prasad told a press conference.
He said: "It's my serious charge with full sense of responsibility that a distinguished woman leader is ultimate leader of the Congress, yet barbaric inhuman Triple Talaq was not allowed to be ended by a Parliamentary law for pure vote bank politics".
What is instant triple talaq? "A magistrate can grant bail only after the wife's consent", he added.
Citing details of the ordinance, he said a woman or her blood relative will have to file a case before a police station to make the offence cognizable. "Thirdly, a bail can be granted by the magistrate upon reasonable grounds but only after hearing the victim wife also", said Prasad.
The woman will get the custody of the minor child, if any, and she will be entitled to a maintenance determined by the magistrate for herself and the child.
The Congress today accused the Modi government of treating the issue of instant triple talaq or instant divorce "more as a political football than a matter of justice to Muslim women". There has been opposition from several parties who have stated that the bill could be misused to target Muslim men.
The government will have another six months to get Parliament's approval for the ordinance to become law.
The step was taken after the government failed to pass the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017, in the Rajya Sabha during the recent monsoon session.
Last August, the Supreme Court had eclared triple talaq illegal and unconstitutional.
India has banned Muslim men from instantly divorcing their wives by saying "talaq" three times.
The Union Cabinet has given its approval to an ordinance on triple talaq even though a bill on the issue is pending in the Rajya Sabha. "Our issue is with the criminalisation aspect".
However, the bill faced stiff resistance in the Rajya Sabha.
He urged UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi, BSP supremo Mayawati and TMC chief Mayawati to support the bill in the next session of Parliament for the sake of "gender justice, gender equality and gender dignity".