The world leaders have this week been reminded once more about what we've always known living in this part of the world, where the impacts of climate change are severe, scary and deadly. "You know, which group drew it", Trump said of the 700-page report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in comments to reporters outside the White House Tuesday. The IPCC chose to write the report to shed light on the impact of global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius, and with the intention of increasing the response to climate change. The Paris Agreement's goal of limiting global warming to well below 2°C, ideally 1.5°C, by the turn of the century will be extremely challenging. Florida is a state that is expected to be heavily affected by rising sea levels expected with global warming.
"The most important thing in that report is that electricity emissions have declined by 13.9 percent in the year to March 2018", she said.
The faster rate of temperature increase here is due to the fact that continents warm more quickly than oceans, Gutzler explained: "The world is mostly ocean, and we are in the middle of a continent, so when people talk about global warming of one, two or three degrees, for our region, we're thinking about double those numbers".
The dramatic report warned that the planet is now heading to warm by 3C - and to slash that to less than 1.5C as laid out in the Paris agreement will require "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society". When they say they'll take action on climate change through other means, they're not admitting that those other actions will cost industry and taxpayers more than the carbon tax in the long run.
"This includes increasing the level of support to developing countries to enable them to develop and lift their people out of poverty without going down a traditional, unsustainable development pathway". We've already seen some of the early effects of that increase-more fires, more floods, more heat waves, more extreme weather of all sorts. By 2050, we'd have to reduce emissions to zero.
"Fonterra, our second-largest coal user - has already committed to continue building coal-fired boilers until 2030".
Canada would have to cut its emissions nearly in half over the next 12 years to meet the stiffer targets dozens of worldwide climate change experts say is required to prevent catastrophic results from global warming. The report also notes that "any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing Carbon dioxide from the air".
That's right - the one country that pulled out of the phony Paris Climate Accord reduced its carbon emissions by 0.5 percent, the most of all major countries.
Victoria University of Wellington climate scientist Professor James Renwick couldn't echo that point more strongly. "The time for action is now", added Spence, who is also head of the Climate Branch of the Met Service.
"This is probably the most significant IPCC report in recent times for SIDS and their cause is well represented in this particular scientific assessment".
Compare that, we're constantly reminded, with the 29.5 per cent that China contributes, or the 14.3 per cent from the United States, whose President, an on-the-record climate denier, barely acknowledged this week's report.
But the premier, who has said previously that coral and coal can coexist, says nothing about her government's policies will change on the back of this week's IPCC report.