Almost two thirds of Americans (65%) say antibiotic resistance is a public health problem and a strong majority (81%) say they are concerned that antibiotic resistance will make more infections hard or impossible to treat and even deadly, according to a national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America in collaboration with the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA).
The WHO added that low consumption levels in some countries may indicate that people have limited access to these medicines but may also indicate weak systems for the supply of antibiotics. However, the persistent overuse and misuse of antibiotics in human and animal health have encouraged the emergence and spread of AMR, which occurs when microbes, such as bacteria, become resistant to the drugs used to treat them.
Drug-resistant infections can also result from poor access to antimicrobials. Therefore, when microbes develop drug resistance in animals, they can easily go on to affect humans, making it hard to treat diseases and infections.
Collecting the data is vital for tackling antimicrobial resistance, the extremely worrying trend of bacterial infections becoming immune to antibiotics, the report said. But little is known about antibiotic use in low-income countries.
Abuja - Antibiotic resistance is a reality threatening the future health of people across the world as global health security is at stake when antibiotics are misused, World Health Organisation (WHO) Regional Director for Africa, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, has said.
The discrepancies in consumption range from approximately 4 defined daily doses (DDD)/1,000 inhabitants per day to more than 64 DDD.
"We can slow down antibiotic resistance in Australia by only using antibiotics when they are really needed". A "One Health" approach brings together professionals in human, animal, food and environment health as one force, and as such is the only way to keep antibiotics working.
From 2019, World Health Organization aims to integrate antimicrobial consumption data into their Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS) IT platform to provide a single place for data on both consumption and resistance. Widespread use of antibiotics for these illnesses is an example of how overuse of antibiotics can promote the spread of antibiotic resistance.
Washing with soap and hot water for 20 seconds before eating or preparing food, when you first come home, and after using the toilet, will help protect you against bugs.
'By working with partners throughout New Zealand and around the world, we're making sure New Zealand is well placed to address antibiotic resistance, ' says Dr McElnay. Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances.