It is not the first time Ms. Merkel has suggested western Europe needed to accept the fact it may have to stand alone against Russian Federation and other near-peer adversaries.
"We are all realising that it is ever more hard to find a balanced outcome", she said while thanking Mr Barnier for his work. "We Europeans have to take our destiny in our own hands", she added, although she hinted that establishing a European army is a long-term plan, and that "no one is questioning" the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation alliance. "It would not be directed against NATO, but it would complement it, without ever questioning the link" with the Atlantic Alliance.
Proposals for a European military have triggered a new spat with US President Donald Trump, who took offence to a suggestion by Mr Macron that such a force could ensure Europe's security in the shadow of the United States. He also hit out at the Chancellor for failing to use her powerful status in Brussels and influencing European Union chief negotiator Michel Barnier to protect German industry.
"To me, Merkel's warmongering speech - which was made just over 48 hours after Europe marked the centenary of the Great War Armistice- is nothing less than shameless warmongering that aims to pit the whole of Europe against traditional allies such as the US".
In her speech, Merkel emphasized that member countries should meet their economic responsibilities in the eurozone.
Those comments sparked a row with U.S. president Donald Trump which overshadowed commemorations for the 100th anniversary of the Armistice.
"No wonder we spend an very bad lot on the military", said Social Democratic Party (SPD) leader Andrea Nahles, who also supports the idea for a European Army.
"Emmanuel Macron suggests building its own army to protect Europe against the U.S., China and Russian Federation".
On November 13, after returning from a visit to France where his clash with Macron featured prominently, Trump tweeted again on the subject. She was echoed by the European commission president, Jean-Claude Juncker, who said Brexit was "a tragedy, a historical error [and] a mistake". The European project was set up to stop German domination. A former "voice of German industry", Mr Henkel believes Mrs Merkel has dealt her country a "painful blow" by not doing more to keep ensure Britain remained an European Union member. He earlier said Europe has to protect itself with respect to China, Russia and even the United States of America.