Australia undoubtedly have the upper hand despite many considering India the favourites. There was one run out - that of the big wicket in Cheteshwar Pujara who was the standout performer with 123 runs.
"We got the wickets the way we thought we might get the wickets", he told the Seven Network.
India had resumed on 143 for six after tea with seamer Cummins having Ashwin edge to the slips for 25 and Mitchell Starc bowling Ishant Sharma for four.
Pujara's 16th test century saved India after a disastrous start that saw them slump to 86 for five after lunch, falling to a combination of terrible shot-making and quality Australian pace after captain Virat Kohli won the toss.
The 26-year-old was impressive on his Test debut in Adelaide, occupying the crease for almost two hours as he blunted the Indian new ball bowlers, all under the watchful eye of his loved ones.
Veteran Murali Vijay, in the side after young gun Prithvi Shaw suffered ankle ligament damage in a warm-up game, didn´t last much longer, caught behind by skipper Tim Paine of Starc for 11.
That is, until he attempted a quick single on Cummins' arm.
It was stunning one-handed take by Khawaja, whose preparations were upset by the shock arrest of his brother this week for allegedly framing a love-rival with a fake terror plot.
"I can't rate it but it was one of (my) best (centuries)".
But after returning from a break, Hazlewood enticed Rahane into a drive and he edged it to Handscomb, who took the catch above his head at slip and he was gone for 13. 25-year-old Hanuma Vihar, who made his debut at the Kennington Oval against England, was called up to the 12-member squad, although India chose to field Sharma instead.
Sharma then needlessly tried the same shot on the next ball, and this time debutant Marcus Harris comfortably collected the steepling catch, with the right-hander once more failing to capitalise on a good start.
The 30-year-old notched his 16th century and also passed 5,000 test runs.