The latest legal twist pulls Ghosn deeper into the Japanese criminal system, which grants authorities sweeping powers to keep suspects locked up for an extended period.
Ghosn has remained in custody at the Tokyo Detention House since Tokyo prosecutors arrested him on November 19 along with close American aide Greg Kelly, who has been released on bail, for allegedly understating his remuneration in Nissan securities reports submitted to Japanese regulators during a five-year period through March 2015.
Japanese media reports have suggested new charges could be levied against him on Friday, which could ensure he remains jailed.
The breach of trust charge is regarded as particularly serious, and Ghosn's lawyer Motonari Otsuru admitted Tuesday it would be "very difficult" to secure bail for his client.
Tokyo prosecutors indicted former Nissan Motor Co. "We are fearful and very anxious his recovery will be complicated while he continues to endure such harsh conditions and unfair treatment", it said. Kelly's lawyers have denied American executive did anything wrong. A doctor was tending to Ghosn, who has been worn down by the long detention and interrogations.
"We took these steps today because we believed that they are cases worthy of indictment and going to trial", said deputy chief prosecutor Shin Kukimoto.
Apart from prosecutors, only embassy officials and Ghosn's lawyers are allowed to visit him.
The arrest and detention of Ghosn, once among the most celebrated executives in Japan, has sparked global criticism of Japan's justice system, which effectively allows suspects to be held indefinitely and questioned without a lawyer present.
If proven, each of Ghosn's alleged offense may carry a sentence of as much as 10 years, prosecutors have said.
As part of the scheme, he is accused of also using company funds to repay a Saudi acquaintance who put up collateral for the contracts. The prosecutors haven't officially charged him over these allegations. For example, his retirement payments were reviewed by legal experts inside Nissan as well as independent lawyers, and showed no intention of breaking the law. All told, Ghosn said he always acted with integrity and had never been accused of any wrongdoing in his professional career.
Even if bail were granted, Ghosn would not likely be released until Tuesday given that Monday is public holiday in Japan.
Kelly and Nissan were not charged with breach of trust.
The arrest of the high-flying executive at Tokyo's Haneda airport has jolted the world's biggest auto alliance, raising questions over whether the two-decade partnership between Nissan and French partner Renault SA will survive his downfall.