Due to the significant decline in smoking and an increase in advances for early cancer detection and screening, the cancer death rate has declined 27% in the United States from 1991 to 2016, according to the American Cancer Society's annual report on cancer rates.
Looking forward, the researchers forecast around 1.8 million new cancer cases in 2019, which would be in line with the most recent numbers. According to the article, New York City will spend up to $100 million per year for the plan, which involves expanding the city's existing public insurance programs and providing uninsured residents with access to affordable care at city-owned facilities.
In the early 1970s, colon cancer death rates in the poorest counties were 20 percent lower than those in affluent counties; now they're 35 percent higher.
Death rates for children and adolescents have declined continuously for many years, amounting to an overall 65% reduction from 1970 to 2016. Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. New lung cancer diagnoses have also dropped 3% in men and 1.5% in women between 2011 and 2015. One-quarter of all cancer deaths are due to lung cancer. However, in adults under the age of 55 years, there was an increase of about 2% in new cases per year since the mid-1990s.
"We are probably only seeing the tip of the iceberg regarding the influence of the obesity epidemic on cancer rates", Siegel said, according to The WSJ.
However, the data also revealed a potentially troubling trend: a growing gap in death rates based on wealth. For women, declines in incidence have continued for lung cancer, but have tapered in recent years for colorectal cancer, while rates for other common cancers are increasing or stable, e.g., an increase of 0.4% per year for breast cancer.
Racial and ethnic differences in cancer burden reflect several factors related to socioeconomic status.
Cancer Rates by Age An estimated 11,060 children aged 1 to 14 years will be diagnosed with cancer in 2019; the estimated number of cancer deaths in this age group is 1190. In 2019, an estimated 11,060 children in this age group will be diagnosed with cancer and 1,190 will die from it. Leukemia accounts for nearly a third (28%) of all childhood cancers, followed by brain and other nervous system tumors (26%).
The special section provides information about cancer in the oldest old in the United States, including incidence and mortality rates and trends, survival, treatment, and the unique challenges affecting these patients.
Visit the U.S. National Cancer Institute for more on cancer.
But although the racial gap in cancer deaths is slowly narrowing, socioeconomic disparities are growing, she said.
Rates of new cases also rose for melanoma skin cancer, thyroid cancer, endometrial cancer, and pancreatic cancer.
That translates to about 2.6 million fewer cancer deaths total than would have been expected if rates stayed at their peak, which was seen in 1991.