Both cases were hospitalized and have been released, according to health officials.
With 47 cases confirmed in the Pacific Northwest, health experts say the solution to stopping the spread is very simple: the vaccine works and if you're not sure if you've had it, a blood test can determine if you're immune. Yale-New Haven Hospital is treating the two infected patients.
Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that can spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or if a person comes into direct contact or shares germs by touching the same objects or surfaces.
In the same report, the top five reasons for non-vaccination were 1) mother was busy, 2) not eligible for vaccination, 3) child was sick, 4) fear of side effects and 5) forgot the schedule.
Some parents refuse to have their children vaccinated due to religious or philosophical reasons or they might have heard from others about someone who became violently ill after being vaccinated.
Washington State is under a measles state of emergency as measles cases grow and hot spots are flaring up across the country.
Prior to the vaccine, measles caused approximately 450 to 500 deaths each year in the United States. The second, called the MMRV vaccine, protects children from measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox. Two does are about 97 percent effective. About 1 child out of every 1,000 who get measles will develop encephalitis - swelling of the brain - that can lead to convulsions, deafness or intellectual disability. According to the CDC, just one dose of the MMR vaccine is 93 percent effective. The majority of the cases involve children under the age of ten. However, a recent outbreak of measles has affected at least 50 people in Washington state. By definition, a "Fully Immunized Child" (FIC) is an infant who has "received one dose of BCG, three doses each of OPV, DPT, and Hepatitis B vaccines, and one dose of measles vaccine before reaching one year of age".
At least eight other states have reported measles cases this year.
The ongoing outbreak and the perceived need for home remedies is a reminder that herd immunity - the indirect protection of non-vaccinated people that occurs when a large percentage of the population has been vaccinated - has broken down. Before the vaccine's introduction in 1963, there were four million measles cases in the US every year, with 48,000 hospitalizations and 500 deaths.
There had been studies that show that parents consider HCPs as the most important source of information when deciding whether their child should be given a vaccine.