The new ballistic missile-a conventional intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM)-may see deployment on the US territory of Guam.
The INF treaty, negotiated by then-President Ronald Reagan and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev eliminated the medium-range missile arsenals of the world's two biggest nuclear powers and reduced their ability to launch a nuclear strike at short notice.
Russia, which denies the accusation, said it was also withdrawing from the INF Treaty, which banned both countries from developing, producing, and deploying ground-launched cruise or ballistic missiles with ranges between 500 and 5,500 kilometers.
Trump withdrew from the treaty on February 1 and triggered a formal six-month wait period before the final expiry of the agreement.
The INF treaty was an arms control landmark in the final years of the Cold War, but it began unraveling several years ago when Washington accused Russian Federation of developing, testing and, more recently, deploying a cruise missile that US officials say violates the treaty. He was not specific, but defense officials on Wednesday spelled out a plan for developing two non-INF compliant, non-nuclear missiles.
"The Russians have been violating the INF treaty for years but, instead of focusing world opinion against the Russians, the Trump administration made a decision to withdraw from the treaty", Rep. Adam Smith, the Democratic chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said recently. Russian President Vladimir Putin vowed to design new weapons banned under the pact but said he would deploy them only if the United States does.
Besides, in November the USA intends to test a ballistic missile with a range of 3,000-4,000 km. The tests are expected to take place at or after August. Both systems would likely be deployed with the U.S. Army.
Washington has not spoken to any European or Asian allies about the possibility of hosting the missile on their territory, according to the defense officials.
The defense officials said US allies in Europe and Asia have not yet been consulted about deploying either new missile on their territory.
The United States used systems that "de facto were in violation of the basic provisions of the INF Treaty", Peskov stressed.
The intermediate-range ballistic missile that the Pentagon is planning to test in November is a longer-term effort.
"It's a brand new missile", the senior defense official said.
Kingston Reif, an analyst with the Arms Control Association, a non-profit group that seeks to promote public understanding of and support for arms control, said the USA move could be "a signal" to nudge Russian Federation to return to compliance with the treaty. Russian Federation also accused USA of breaking the 1987 pact, allegations that U.S. has denied.
However, he thinks it could be possible that the Trump administration was simply arranging for an end of the INF treaty.