Before Monday, only 41 special citation prizes had been awarded since 1930, and winners have ranged from individual people to organizations and groups, including the New York Times, writers E.B. White, Alex Haley and Kenneth Roberts, and Columbia University and its Graduate School of Journalism.
The Capital Gazette was given a special citation for its coverage and courage in the face of a massacre in its own newsroom in Annapolis, Maryland.
The paper also recognized the staff of the Wall Street Journal in the national reporting category for breaking the story that Trump and his attorney Michael Cohen paid Stormy Daniels hush money in order to cover up an alleged extramarital affair.
The Pulitzers, U.S. journalism's highest honor, reflected a year when journalism increasingly came under attack in other ways.
The award for global reporting went to a team of Associated Press journalists for their work on Yemen's civil war.
Aretha Franklin at the 10th Annual Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards in Pasadena, California, in 2005.
Novelist Richard Powers won the Pulitzer for fiction for "The Overstory", a panoramic look at nine Americans whose lives become entwined due to their experiences with trees, and David W. Blight picked up the prize in history for his acclaimed biography "Frederick Douglas". The team won the 2019 Pulitzer Prize in worldwide reporting for their work documenting torture, graft and starvation in Yemen's brutal civil war.
The South Florida Sun-Sentinel earned a public service prize, considered the Pulitzers top award, for its look at the mistakes and failures made by education and law enforcement officials before and after the mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.
On Monday, the biography prize went to Jeffrey C. Stewart's "The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke", and the drama award to "Fairview", by Jackie Sibblies Drury.
Reuters also won for global reporting for work that cost two of its staffers their liberty: shedding light on a brutal crackdown on Rohingya Muslims by security forces in Buddhist-majority Myanmar.
Jackie Sibblies Drury won the drama prize for Fairview, a play which seems to be a black family comedy in the style of The Cosby Show or A Different World, but takes some unexpected turns, both for the characters onstage and the audience themselves.
This year's Pulitzer Prize for Music went to Ellen Reid's opera p r i s m, with James Romig's piano work Still and Andrew Norman's orchestral piece Sustain named as finalists. Last year, Kendrick Lamarbecame the first hip-hop act to win a Pulitzer, making history and cementing his legacy.